This article provides bibliographic information for the scientific articles and the ancient Purāṇas we cite in our book and this website. The Purāṇas were a prominent part of the knowledge of ancient India.

Sanskrit Purāṇas and Commentaries

Bhāgavata Purāṇa in Sanskrit with commentary by Sridhara Svāmī (1860), Bombay, India; Original copy in the München Bayerische Staatsbibliothek,

Brahmā Purāṇa in Sanskrit (1900), Published by Venkatesvara Steam Press, Printed by Khemraj Śrī Krsna das, Mumbai, India.

Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa in Sanskrit (1906), Published by Venkatesvara Steam Press, India.

Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛita in Bengali (1889), Published by Jagadishwar Gupta in Calcutta, India.

Laghu-bhāgavatāmṛta in Sanskrit (1902), Published by Venkatesvara Steam Press, Bombay, India. It was written by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī in Sanskrit in the 16th Century.

Mahābhārata critical edition in Sanskrit (1908), Published by Sagar press, India.

Matsya Purāṇa in Sanskrit (1876), Published by Jivananda Vidyasagar, Calcutta, India.

Padma Purāṇa in Sanskrit (1894), Published by Venkatesvara Steam Press, India.

Sārārtha Darśinī in Sanskrit (1965), Edited by Srimad Krishna Shankar Shastri Ji, Published in Ahmedabad, India. It is a Sanskrit commentary on the Bhāgavata Purāṇa written by Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura in the 17th century.

Skanda Purāṇa in Sanskrit (1909), Published by Venkatesvara Steam Press, India.

Valmiki Rāmāyaṇa in Sanskrit (1905), Edited by T. R. Krishnacharya, Published by Javaji Dadajis Nirnaya Sagar Press, Bombay, India.

Vāmana Purāṇa in Sanskrit, Printed by Śrī Venkatesvara Press in the year 1903, Bombay.

Vāyu Purāṇa in Sanskrit, Volume 1(1880), Volume 2 (1888), Published by The Asiatic Society of Bengal in Calcutta, India. Hard copies available at Cornell, Columbia, Harvard and a dozen other University Libraries in America and Europe, not to mention India.

Viṣṇu Purāṇa in Sanskrit with commentary by Sridhara Svāmī (1887), Published by Shri Biharilal Sarkar, Calcutta, India.


Abe, Y., Abe-Ouchi, A., Sleep, N. H., & Zahnle, K. J. (2011). Habitable Zone Limits for Dry Planets. Astrobiology, 11(5), 443–460.

Adler, R. J., Casey, B., & Jacob, O. C. (1995). Vacuum catastrophe: An elementary exposition of the cosmological constant problem. American Journal of Physics, 63(7), 620–626.

Aghanim, N., Akrami, Y., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., … Lilley, M. (2018). Planck 2018 results. VI. Cosmological parameters. Retrieved April 5, 2019, from website:

Ain-i-Akbari in Persian (1855), Published by Syed Ahmed. It was originally written in the year 1590 by Abu al-Fazl ibn Mubarak, the Grand Vizier of Emperor Akbar, and republished by Syed Ahmed in the year 1855.

Algeo, T. J. and Twitchett, R. J. (2010). Anomalous Early Triassic sediment fluxes due to elevated weathering rates and their biological consequences. Geology, 38(11), pp. 1023–1026.

Beaumont, P. B. (2011). The edge: more on fire-making by about 1.7 million years ago at Wonderwerk Cave in South Africa. Current Anthropology, 52(4), 585-595.

Behe, M. (2007). The Edge of Evolution, New York: Free Press.

Behe, M. and Snoke, D. (2004). Simulating evolution by gene duplication of protein features that require multiple amino acid residues, Protein Science 13.

Behe, M. (1996). Darwin’s Black Box, New York: Free Press.

Bellieni, C. V. (2019). New insights into fetal pain. Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine.

Benca, J. P., Duijnstee, I. A. P., & Looy, C. V. (2018). UV-B–induced forest sterility: Implications of ozone shield failure in Earth’s largest extinction. Science Advances, 4(2).

Benton, M. J. (2015) When Life Nearly Died: The Greatest Mass Extinction of All Time, Published by Thames and Hudson, London.

Benton, M. J. (2018). Hyperthermal-driven Mass Extinctions: killing models during the Permian–Triassic Mass Extinction. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 376(2130).

Benton, M. J. and Newell, A. J. (2014). Impacts of global warming on Permo-Triassic terrestrial ecosystems. Gondwana Research, 25(4), pp. 1308–1337.

Berera, A. (2017). Space Dust Collisions as a Planetary Escape Mechanism. Astrobiology, 17(12), 1274–1282.

Berkman, M. B., Pacheco, J. S., & Plutzer, E. (2008). Evolution and Creationism in America’s Classrooms: A National Portrait. PLoS Biology, 6(5).

Bernardi, M., Petti, F. M. and Benton, M. J. (2018). Tetrapod distribution and temperature rise during the Permian–Triassic Mass Extinction. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1870).

Bertolami, M. M. (2016). New models for the evolution of post-asymptotic giant branch stars and central stars of planetary nebulae. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 588, A25.

Boehnke, P., & Harrison, T. M. (2016). Illusory Late Heavy Bombardments. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(39), 10802–10806.

Bollard, J., Connelly, J. N., & Bizzarro, M. (2015). Pb-Pb dating of individual chondrules from the CBachondrite Gujba: Assessment of the impact plume formation model. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50(7), 1197–1216.

Boyce, Mary (1996). A History of Zoroastrianism: the Early Period, Published by Brill Academic Publishers, Boston. ISBN 90-04-10474-7.

Brandenberger, R., & Peter, P. (2017). Bouncing Cosmologies: Progress and Problems. Foundations of Physics, 47(6), 797–850.

Brocks, J. J., Jarrett, A. J. M., Sirantoine, E., Kenig, F., Moczydłowska, M., Porter, S., & Hope, J. (2015). Early sponges and toxic protists: possible sources of cryostane, an age diagnostic biomarker antedating Sturtian Snowball Earth. Geobiology, 14(2), 129–149.

Brown, Ju & Brown, John (2006), China, Japan, Korea: Culture and Customs. ISBN 978-1419648939.

Bryant, E. F. (2015). The yoga sutras of Patanjali: A new edition, translation, and commentary, Published by North Point Press.

Burgess, S. D. and Bowring, S. A. (2015). High-precision geochronology confirms voluminous magmatism before, during, and after Earth’s most severe extinction. Science Advances, 1(7).

Burgess, S. D., Bowring, S. A., Fleming, T. H., & Elliot, D. H. (2015). High-precision geochronology links the Ferrar large igneous province with early-Jurassic ocean anoxia and biotic crisis. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 415, 90–99.

Burgess, S. D., Muirhead, J. D. and Bowring, S. A. (2017). Initial pulse of Siberian Traps sills as the trigger of the end-Permian Mass Extinction. Nature Communications, 8(1).

Burnham, A. D., & Berry, A. J. (2017). Formation of Hadean granites by melting of igneous crust. Nature Geoscience, 10(6), 457–461.

Busby, K., & Pivik, R. T. (1983). Sleep patterns in children of superior intelligence. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 24(4), 587–600. Retrieved from

Carr, B. (2015). Hyperspatial models of matter and mind, pages 227-273 in the book Beyond Physicalism: Toward Reconciliation of Science and Spirituality, Published by Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, MD.

Carroll, S. M., & Remmen, G. N. (2017). A nonlocal approach to the cosmological constant problem. Physical Review D, 95(12).

Cascales, E., Lloubes, R., & Sturgis, J. N. (2001). The TolQ–TolR proteins energize TolA and share homologies with the flagellar motor proteins MotA–MotB. Molecular microbiology, 42(3), 795-807.

Chen, Z.-Q., & Benton, M. J. (2012). The timing and pattern of biotic recovery following the end-Permian Mass Extinction. Nature Geoscience, 5(6), 375–383.

Chen, X., Ling, H. F., Vance, D., Shields-Zhou, G. A., Zhu, M., Poulton, S. W., … & Archer, C. (2015). Rise to modern levels of ocean oxygenation coincided with the Cambrian radiation of animals. Nature communications, 6, 7142.

Condamine, F. L., Clapham, M. E., & Kergoat, G. J. (2016). Global patterns of insect diversification: towards a reconciliation of fossil and molecular evidence? Scientific Reports, 6(1).

Condie, K. et al (2015) Is the rate of supercontinent assembly changing with time? Precambrian Research 259: 278-289.

Condie, K. C. (2018). A planet in transition: The onset of plate tectonics on Earth between 3 and 2 Ga? Geoscience Frontiers, 9(1), 51–60.

Connelly, J. N., Bollard, J., & Bizzarro, M. (2017). Pb–Pb chronometry and the early Solar System. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 201, 345–363.

Crowe, D. (2004). Oskar Schindler: The Untold Account of His Life, Wartime Activities, and the True Story Behind the List. New York: Basic Books.

Damian Nance, R., & Brendan Murphy, J. (2013). Origins of the supercontinent cycle. Geoscience Frontiers, 4(4), 439–448.

Dance, A. (2017, June 19). Quest for Clues to Humanity’s First Fires. Retrieved December 28, 2019, from Scientific American website:

DeCarlo, T. M., & Cohen, A. L. (2017). Dissepiments, density bands and signatures of thermal stress in Porites skeletons. Coral Reefs, 36(3), 749-761.

Dedekind, R. and Weber, H. (1892). Bernhard Riemann: Gesammelte Mathematische Werke und Wissenschaftlicher Nachlass, Zweite Auflage, Published by Teubner, Leipzig.

Derbyshire, J.  (2003). Prime Obsession: Bernhard Riemann and the Greatest Unsolved Problem in Mathematics, Published by Joseph Henry Press (National Academy of Sciences USA), Washington, D.C.

Devoto, J. C., Alcalde, J. L., Otayza, F., & Sepulveda, W. (2017). Anesthesia for myelomeningocele surgery in fetus. Child’s Nervous System, 33(7), 1169–1175.

Diepold, A. and Armitage, J. (2015). Type III secretion systems: the bacterial flagellum and the injectisome, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 370.

Dodd, M. S., Papineau, D., Grenne, T., Slack, J. F., Rittner, M., Pirajno, F., … Little, C. T. S. (2017). Evidence for early life in Earth’s oldest hydrothermal vent precipitates. Nature, 543(7643), 60–64.

Doolittle, R. (2012). The Evolution of Vertebrate Blood Clotting, University Science Books.

Dumoulin Bridi, M. C., Aton, S. J., Seibt, J., Renouard, L., Coleman, T., & Frank, M. G. (2015). Rapid eye movement sleep promotes cortical plasticity in the developing brain. Science Advances, 1(6).

Dunnington, G. W. (1955). Carl Friedrich Gauss – Titan of Science, Published by Exposition Press, New York.

Durrett R., Schmidt D. (2007). Waiting for regulatory sequences to appear, The Annals of Applied Probability 17:1-32.

Durrett R., Schmidt D. (2008). Waiting for two mutations: with applications to regulatory sequence evolution and the limits of Darwinian evolution, Genetics 180:1501-1509.

Eddington, A. S. (1926). The source of stellar energy. Nature117 (2948), 25-32.

Erwin, D. H. (2006). Extinction: How Life on Earth Nearly Ended 250 Million Years Ago, Published by Princeton University Press.

Evans, D. A. D., Li, Z. X., & Murphy, J. B. (2016). Four-dimensional context of Earth’s supercontinents. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 424(1), 1–14.

Fakhraee, M., Crowe, S. A., & Katsev, S. (2018). Sedimentary sulfur isotopes and Neoarchean ocean oxygenation. Science Advances, 4(1).

Fan, J., Shen, S., Erwin, D. H., Sadler, P. M., MacLeod, N., Cheng, Q., … Zhao, Y. (2020). A high-resolution summary of Cambrian to Early Triassic marine invertebrate biodiversity. Science, 367(6475), 272–277.

Farmer, M. and Habura, A. (2010). Using Protistan Examples to Dispel the Myths of Intelligent Design, Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, volume 57.

Foster, W. J., & Twitchett, R. J. (2014). Functional diversity of marine ecosystems after the Late Permian mass extinction event. Nature Geoscience, 7(3), 233.

Fowler, W. A. (1987). The age of the observable Universe (The Tenth Edward Arthur Milne Lecture). Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, 28, 87–108.

Freedman, W. L. (2000). The Hubble constant and the expansion age of the Universe. Physics Reports, 333–334, 13–31.

Freedman, W. L., Madore, B. F., Hatt, D., Hoyt, T. J., Jang, I. S., Beaton, R. L., … & Phillips, M. M. (2019). The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. VIII. An Independent Determination of the the Hubble constant Based on the Tip of the Red Giant Branch. The Astrophysical Journal, 882(1), 34.

Frelikh, R., & Murray-Clay, R. A. (2017). The Formation of Uranus and Neptune: Fine-tuning in Core Accretion. The Astronomical Journal, 154(3), 98.

Fromm, M., Torres, O., Diner, D., Lindsey, D., Vant Hull, B., Servranckx, R., … Li, Z. (2008). Stratospheric impact of the Chisholm pyrocumulonimbus eruption: 1. Earth-viewing satellite perspective. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D8).

Fu, D., Zhang, X., & Shu, D. (2011). A venomous arthropod in the Early Cambrian Sea. Chinese Science Bulletin, 56(15), 1532–1534.

Gesicki, K., Zijlstra, A. A., & Bertolami, M. M. (2018). The mysterious age invariance of the planetary nebula luminosity function bright cut-off. Nature Astronomy, 2(7), 580–584.

González-Reimann, L. (2014). The Yugas: Their Importance in India and their Use by Western Intellectuals and Esoteric and New Age Writers. Religion Compass, 8(12), 357–370.

Graham, P. W., Kaplan, D. E., & Rajendran, S. (2018). Born again Universe. Physical Review D, 97(4).

Grant, Robert (1958). Notes on the Text of Theophilus, Ad Autolycum III, Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 12, No. 3 pp. 136-144.

Grossman, L. (1975). The most primitive objects in the solar system. Scientific American232(2), 30-39.

Halevy, I., Johnston, D. T., & Schrag, D. P. (2010). Explaining the Structure of the Archean Mass-Independent Sulfur Isotope Record. Science, 329(5988), 204–207.

Hawking, S. & Mlodinow, L. (2010). The Grand Design. Random House.

Hashimoto, T., Laporte, N., Mawatari, K., Ellis, R. S., Inoue, A. K., Zackrisson, E., … Yoshida, N. (2018). The onset of star formation 250 million years after the Big Bang. Nature, 557(7705), 392–395.

Heller, R. (2015). Better Than Earth. Scientific American, 312(1), 32–39.

Hinshaw, G., Larson, D., Komatsu, E., Spergel, D. N., Bennett, C. L., Dunkley, J., … Wright, E. L. (2013). Nine-year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Cosmological Parameter Results. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 208(2), 19.

Hobson, M. P., Efstathiou, G. P., & Lasenby, A. N. (2006). General relativity: an introduction for physicists. Published by Cambridge University Press.

Ijjas, A., & Steinhardt, P. J. (2018). Bouncing cosmology made simple. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 35(13), 135004.

Ijjas, A., Steinhardt, P. J., & Loeb, A. (2017). Pop Goes the Universe. Scientific American, 316(2), 32–39.

Ivany, L. C., Patterson, W. P., & Lohmann, K. C. (2000). Cooler winters as a possible cause of mass extinctions at the Eocene/Oligocene boundary. Nature, 407(6806), 887–890.

Jenkyns, H. C. (1985). The early Toarcian and Cenomanian-Turonian anoxic events in Europe: comparisons and contrasts. Geologische Rundschau, 74(3), 505–518.

Jenkyns, H. C. (2010). Geochemistry of oceanic anoxic events. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11(3).

Johnson, W. J. (2009). A Dictionary of Hinduism, Published by Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-861025-0.

Joseph, G. G.  (2010). The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics, Published by Princeton University Press.

Kak, S. C. (1998). Sayana’s astronomy. Indian Journal of History of Science, 33, 31-36.

Kaku, M. (1994). Hyperspace: A Scientific Odyssey Through Parallel Universes, Time Warps, and the Tenth Dimension, Published by Oxford University Press.

Karlstrom, K. E., & Timmons, J. M. (2012). Many unconformities make one ‘Great Unconformity’. Grand Canyon Geology; Two Billion Years of Earth’s History, 73-79.

Kenny, G. G., Whitehouse, M. J., & Kamber, B. S. (2016). Differentiated impact melt sheets may be a potential source of Hadean detrital zircon. Geology, 44(6), 435–438.

Kirscher, U., Cox, G., Asimow, P., Zhang, N., Li, Z., & Mitchell, R. (2017). Long term evolution of Earth’s magnetic field strength: Supercontinent cycles and nucleation of the inner core. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts, 19, 12567.

Knoll, A. H. (2014). Paleobiological perspectives on early eukaryotic evolution. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 6(1).

Koczy, F. F. (1943). The’Age’of Terrestrial Matter and the Geochemical Uranium/Lead Ratio. Nature151(3818), 24-24.

Kodama, T., Genda, H., Abe, Y., & Zahnle, K. J. (2015). Rapid water loss can extend the lifetime of planetary habitability. The Astrophysical Journal, 812(2), 165.

Kojima, S. and Blair, D. (2001). Conformational Change in the Stator of the Bacterial Flagellar Motor, Biochemistry 40.

Komatsu, E., Smith, K. M., Dunkley, J., Bennett, C. L., Gold, B., Hinshaw, G., … Wright, E. L. (2011). Seven-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) observations: Cosmological Interpretation. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 192(2), 18.

Kremer, B., & Kaźmierczak, J. (2017). Cellularly preserved microbial fossils from ∼3.4 Ga deposits of South Africa: A testimony of early appearance of oxygenic life? Precambrian Research, 295, 117–129.

Kump, L. R., & Barley, M. E. (2007). Increased subaerial volcanism and the rise of atmospheric oxygen 2.5 billion years ago. Nature, 448(7157), 1033–1036.

Labandeira, C. and Sepkoski, J. (1993). Insect diversity in the fossil record. Science, 261(5119), pp. 310–315.

Laërce, D., & Hicks, R. (1970). Lives of eminent philosophers, [Books VI-X]. Published by W. Heinemann, Cambridge.

Lagercrantz, H. (2016). Fetal Moving and Sensing. Infant Brain Development, 43–52.

Langer, M. C., Ramezani, J., & Da Rosa, Á. A. S. (2018). U-Pb age constraints on dinosaur rise from south Brazil. Gondwana Research, 57, 133–140.

Li, M., Huang, C., Hinnov, L., Chen, W., Ogg, J., & Tian, W. (2018). Astrochronology of the Anisian stage (Middle Triassic) at the Guandao reference section, South China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 482, 591-606.

Li, Y. X., Jiao, W. J., Liu, Z. H., Jin, J. H., Wang, D. H., He, Y. X., & Quan, C. (2016). Terrestrial responses of low-latitude Asia to the Eocene–Oligocene climate transition revealed by integrated chronostratigraphy. Climate of the Past, 12(2), 255–272.

Looper, Matthew (2003). Lightning Warrior: Maya Art and Kingship at Quirigua, Published by University of Texas Austin Press.

Luo, M., Shi, G. R., Hu, S., Benton, M. J., Chen, Z. Q., Huang, J., … & Wen, W. (2017). Early Middle Triassic trace fossils from the Luoping Biota, southwestern China: Evidence of recovery from mass extinction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology.

Lynch, M. and Abegg, A. (2010). The Rate of Establishment of Complex Adaptations, Molecular Biology and Evolution 27:1404-1414. 

Lynch, M. (2005). Simple evolutionary pathways to complex proteins, Protein Science 14.

Macaulay, T. B. (1901). Historical Essays of Thomas Babington Macaulay, Published by TY Crowell & Company.

Marean, C. W. (2016). The transition to foraging for dense and predictable resources and its impact on the evolution of modern humans. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1698).

Marov, M. (2018). The Formation and Evolution of the Solar System, Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Oxford University Press.

Marsicano, C. A., Irmis, R. B., Mancuso, A. C., Mundil, R., & Chemale, F. (2016). The precise temporal calibration of dinosaur origins. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(3), 509-513.

Martin, A. P., Condon, D. J., Prave, A. R., Melezhik, V. A., Lepland, A., & Fallick, A. E. (2013). Dating the termination of the Palaeoproterozoic Lomagundi-Jatuli carbon isotopic event in the North Transfennoscandian Greenstone Belt. Precambrian Research, 224, 160–168.

Maruyama, S., Santosh, M., & Azuma, S. (2018). Initiation of plate tectonics in the Hadean: Eclogitization triggered by the ABEL Bombardment. Geoscience Frontiers, 9(4), 1033–1048.

Miller, C. S., Peterse, F., da Silva, A.-C., Baranyi, V., Reichart, G. J., & Kürschner, W. M. (2017). Astronomical age constraints and extinction mechanisms of the Late Triassic Carnian crisis. Scientific Reports, 7(1).

Miller, K. G., Browning, J. V., Aubry, M.-P., Wade, B. S., Katz, M. E., Kulpecz, A. A., & Wright, J. D. (2008). Eocene-Oligocene global climate and sea-level changes: St. Stephens Quarry, Alabama. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 120(1–2), 34–53.

Miller, K. R. (2007). Falling Over the Edge: Claims that an Intelligent Designer is Needed to Explain the Evolution of Complex Biological Systems are Deeply Flawed. Nature 447.

Mirazón Lahr, M. (2016). The shaping of human diversity: filters, boundaries and transitions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1698).

Mitchell, R. N., Spencer, C. J., Kirscher, U., He, X. F., Murphy, J. B., Li, Z. X., & Collins, W. J. (2019). Harmonic hierarchy of mantle and lithospheric convective cycles: Time series analysis of hafnium isotopes of zircon. Gondwana Research.

Mukherjee, I., Large, R. R., Corkrey, R., & Danyushevsky, L. V. (2018). The Boring Billion, a slingshot for Complex Life on Earth. Scientific Reports, 8(1).

Nowak, M. (2006). Evolutionary Dynamics: Exploring the Equations of Life, Harvard University Press.

Nowak, M.A. (2006). Five Rules for the Evolution of Cooperation, Science 314:1560-1563.

Nowak, M. et al, (2010). Evolutionary dynamics in structured populations, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 365:19-30.

Nowak, M.A. et al, (2010). The Evolution of Eusociality, Nature 466:1057-1062.

Nowak, M.A. (2012). Why We Help, Scientific American 307:34-39.

Okawa, H., Morokuma, S., Maehara, K., Arata, A., Ohmura, Y., Horinouchi, T., … Kato, K. (2017). Eye movement activity in normal human fetuses between 24 and 39 weeks of gestation. PLOS ONE, 12(7),.

Osborn, H. (1916). The Origin and Evolution of Life Upon the Earth. The Scientific Monthly, 3(1), 5-22. Retrieved from

Paquay, F. S., Ravizza, G., & Coccioni, R. (2014). The influence of extraterrestrial material on the late Eocene marine Os isotope record. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 144, 238–257.

Pargiter, F. E. (1922). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Published by Oxford University Press.

Paterson, J. R., Edgecombe, G. D., & Lee, M. S. Y. (2019). Trilobite evolutionary rates constrain the duration of the Cambrian explosion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(10), 4394–4399.

Peter, H. (1902). Die Epochen in Varros Werk De Gente Populi Romani, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 57, 231–251

Penrose, R. (2013). On the Gravitization of Quantum Mechanics 2: Conformal Cyclic Cosmology. Foundations of Physics, 44(8), 873–890.

Perlov, D., & Vilenkin, A. (2017). Cosmology for the Curious.

Planavsky, N. J., Reinhard, C. T., Wang, X., Thomson, D., McGoldrick, P., Rainbird, R. H., … Lyons, T. W. (2014). Low Mid-Proterozoic atmospheric oxygen levels and the delayed rise of animals. Science, 346(6209), 635–638.

Planck Collaboration, (2016). Planck intermediate results. XLVI. Reduction of large-scale systematic effects in HFI polarization maps and estimation of the reionization optical depth, Astronomy & Astrophysics.

Prave, A. R., Condon, D. J., Hoffmann, K. H., Tapster, S., & Fallick, A. E. (2016). Duration and nature of the end-Cryogenian (Marinoan) glaciation. Geology, 44(8), 631–634.

Pu, J. P., Bowring, S. A., Ramezani, J., Myrow, P., Raub, T. D., Landing, E., … Macdonald, F. A. (2016). Dodging snowballs: Geochronology of the Gaskiers glaciation and the first appearance of the Ediacaran biota. Geology, 44(11), 955–958.

Puls, J., Hubeny, I., Asplund, M., Allard, F., Prieto, C. A., Ayres, T. R., … Ryabchikova, T. A. (2015). Division G Commission: Theory of Stellar Atmospheres. Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, 11(T29A), 453–473.

Rampelotto, P. H. (2014). Panspermia: A Promising Field of Research. Astrobiology Science Conference 2010: Evolution and Life: Surviving Catastrophes and Extremes on Earth and Beyond, 1538, 5224-.

Rampino, M. R., & Caldeira, K. (2017). Correlation of the largest craters, stratigraphic impact signatures, and extinction events over the past 250 Myr. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(6), 1241–1245.

Richardson, J. D., Belcher, J. W., Garcia-Galindo, P., & Burlaga, L. F. (2019). Voyager 2 plasma observations of the heliopause and interstellar medium. Nature Astronomy, 3(11), 1019-1023.

Rosenfeld, D., Fromm, M., Trentmann, J., Luderer, G., Andreae, M. O., & Servranckx, R. (2007). The Chisholm firestorm: observed microstructure, precipitation and lightning activity of a pyro-cumulonimbus. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7(3), 645–659.

Sarma, N. (1991). Measures of time in ancient India. Endeavour, 15(4), 185-188

Schmitz, B., Boschi, S., Cronholm, A., Heck, P. R., Monechi, S., Montanari, A., & Terfelt, F. (2015). Fragments of Late Eocene Earth-impacting asteroids linked to disturbance of asteroid belt. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 425, 77–83.

Schwab, K., Groh, T., Schwab, M., & Witte, H. (2009). Nonlinear analysis and modeling of cortical activation and deactivation patterns in the immature fetal electrocorticogram. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 19(1).

Schweber, S. S. and Hébrard, J. M. (2012). Nuclear Forces: The making of the physicist Hans Bethe, Published by Harvard University Press.

Serenelli, A., Scott, P., Villante, F. L., Vincent, A. C., Asplund, M., Basu, S., … Peña-Garay, C. (2016). Implications of Solar wind measurements for Solar models and composition. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 463(1), 2–9.

Shaviv, G. (2009) The Life of Stars. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Shen, S.-Z., Ramezani, J., Chen, J., Cao, C.-Q., Erwin, D. H., Zhang, H., … Wu, Y.-S. (2018). A sudden end-Permian Mass Extinction in South China. GSA Bulletin, 131(1–2), 205–223.

Sleep, N. H., Bird, D. K., & Pope, E. C. (2011). Serpentinite and the dawn of life. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366(1580), 2857–2869.

Śliwińska, K. K., Thomsen, E., Schouten, S., Schoon, P. L., & Heilmann-Clausen, C. (2019). Climate- and gateway-driven cooling of Late Eocene to earliest Oligocene sea surface temperatures in the North Sea Basin. Scientific Reports, 9(1).

Smith, R., & Botha, J. (2005). The recovery of terrestrial vertebrate diversity in the South African Karoo Basin after the end-Permian extinction. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 4(6–7), 623–636.

Soifer, D.A. (1991). The myths of Narasimha and Vamana: Two avatars in cosmological perspective. SUNY Press.

Sokol, J. (2019). New tactics clash on speed of expanding universe. Science.

Somel, M. et al, (2013). Human brain evolution: transcripts, metabolites and their regulators, Nature Reviews Neuroscience 14:112-126.

Song, H., Wignall, P. B., Chu, D., Tong, J., Sun, Y., Song, H., … & Tian, L. (2014). Anoxia/high temperature double whammy during the Permian-Triassic marine crisis and its aftermath. Scientific Reports, 4(1).

Song, H., Wignall, P. B., Tong, J., Song, H., Chen, J., Chu, D., … & Lai, X. (2015). Integrated Sr isotope variations and global environmental changes through the Late Permian to early Late Triassic. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 424, pp. 140–147.

Speijer, D., Lukeš, J., & Eliáš, M. (2015). Sex is a ubiquitous, ancient, and inherent attribute of eukaryotic life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(29), 8827–8834.

Spergel, D. N., Verde, L., Peiris, H. V., Komatsu, E., Nolta, M. R., Bennett, C. L., … Wright, E. L. (2003). First Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe(WMAP) Observations: Determination of Cosmological Parameters. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 148(1), 175–194.

Stanley, S. M. (2016). Estimates of the magnitudes of major marine Mass Extinctions in earth history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(42), E6325–E6334.

Stern, R. J., & Miller, N. R. (2019). Neoproterozoic Glaciation—Snowball Earth Hypothesis. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences.

Stinson, L. F., Boyce, M. C., Payne, M. S., & Keelan, J. A. (2019). The not-so-sterile womb: Evidence that the human fetus is exposed to bacteria prior to birth. Frontiers in microbiology, 10, 1124.

Stringer, C. (2016). The origin and evolution of Homo sapiens. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1698).

Sun, Y., Joachimski, M. M., Wignall, P. B., Yan, C., Chen, Y., Jiang, H., … & Lai, X. (2012). Lethally Hot Temperatures During the Early Triassic Greenhouse. Science, 338(6105), pp. 366–370.

Switek, B. (2017, October 4). The Beginning of the Age of Giants. Retrieved December 28, 2019, from Scientific American Blog Network website:

Szostak, J. W., Bartel, D. P., & Luisi, P. L. (2001). Synthesizing life. Nature, 409(6818), 387–390.

Tarduno, J. A., Cottrell, R. D., Davis, W. J., Nimmo, F., & Bono, R. K. (2015). A Hadean to Paleoarchean geodynamo recorded by single zircon crystals. Science, 349(6247), 521–524.

Tagare, G. V. (1987). The Vayu Purāṇa, translated and annotated. Published by Motilal Banarsidas, Delhi.

Tagare, G. V. (1958). The Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, translated and annotated. Published by Motilal Banarsidas, Delhi.

Teskey, R., Wertin, T., Bauweraerts, I., Ameye, M., McGuire, M.A., & Steppe, K. (2014). Responses of tree species to heat waves and extreme heat events. Plant, Cell & Environment, 38(9), 1699–1712.

Theodor, I. (2016). The ‘Fifth Veda’ of Hinduism: Poetry, Philosophy and Devotion in the Bhagavata Purāṇa. Published by Bloomsbury Publishing.

Thompson, R. L. (1997). Planetary diameters in the Surya Siddhanta. Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 193-200.

Tristram, M. (2016) Planck intermediate results. XLVII. Planck constraints on reionization history, Astronomy & Astrophysics.

Tryon, C. A., & Faith, J. T. (2016). A demographic perspective on the Middle to Later Stone Age transition from Nasera rockshelter, Tanzania. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1698).

van Soelen, E. E., Twitchett, R. J. and Kürschner, W. M. (2018). Salinity changes and anoxia resulting from enhanced run-off during the late Permian global warming and Mass Extinction event. Climate of the Past, 14(4), pp. 441–453.

Villa, G., Fioroni, C., Persico, D., Roberts, A. P., & Florindo, F. (2014). Middle Eocene to Late Oligocene Antarctic glaciation/deglaciation and Southern Ocean productivity. Paleoceanography, 29(3), 223–237.

Vonhof, H. B., Smit, J., Brinkhuis, H., Montanari, A., & Nederbragt, A. J. (2000). Global cooling accelerated by early late Eocene impacts? Geology, 28(8), 687.

Von Steiger, R., & Zurbuchen, T. H. (2015). Solar metallicity derived from in situ Solar wind composition. The Astrophysical Journal, 816(1), 13.

Wang T., Zhang S. and Ramezani, J. (2016). Age Recalibration of the Xiaofeng Dykes, South China, and Its Implications for True Polar Wander at ~820 Ma. Acta Geologica Sinica, 90: 47.

Ward, P. and Kirschvink, J. (2015). A New History of Life, Published by Bloomsbury Press, New York.

Wilson, H. H. (1840). The Viṣṇu Purāṇa: a system of Hindu mythology and tradition, Published by Oxford University Press.

Winguth, C. and Winguth, A. M. E. (2012). Simulating Permian–Triassic oceanic anoxia distribution: Implications for species extinction and recovery. Geology, 40(2), pp. 127–130.

Zhang, R., Kravchinsky, V. A., & Yue, L. (2012). Link between global cooling and mammalian transformation across the Eocene–Oligocene boundary in the continental interior of Asia. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 101(8), 2193–2200.