1.1 Key Findings
The Vedas are a large body of Sanskrit texts from ancient India. Although there are four primary divisions of the Vedas, the Purāṇas are considered the fifth Veda (Theodor, 2016). The Purāṇas 1 were composed by ancient sages and, subsequently, passed down orally for many generations before being written down on palm leaves between the 2nd and 12th centuries AD (Johnson, 2009).
We discovered sophisticated scientific data in the ancient Purāṇas, the key findings of which are:
(1) The Purāṇic age of the Solar System (4.562 billion years) is within 0.11% of the modern scientific value, which was obtained by high-precision, state-of-the-art radiometric dating. This dating is the culmination of a century of arduous technological development. Chapter 5 discusses this in detail.
(2) The Purāṇic age of the Universe (13.819 billion years) is within 0.13% of the modern scientific value, which wasn’t obtained until data from the latest generation of sophisticated satellites (Planck) was analyzed. As shown in Chapter 6, each successive analysis of the data has reduced the gap between the Purāṇic and the scientific value – the latter monotonically approaching the former, which has remained the same for thousands of years. The latest report from Planck (in the year 2018) had no less than 150 international authors, and it is the closest yet to the Purāṇic value. If the current trend continues, the next generation of satellites will yield a value even closer to the Purāṇic value.
(3) The Purāṇic date for the end-Permian Mass Extinction is within 0.3% of the modern scientific value (see Chapter 4). Moreover, the Purāṇic date ranges for the Toarcian and end-Eocene Mass Extinctions overlap those of modern science (see Chapter 8). This is remarkable because, due to the influence of Charles Lyell’s Uniformitarianism, paleontologists dogmatically denied the evidence for mass extinctions until the year 1980, when Nobel Prize-winning Physicist Louis Alvarez showed that the demise of the dinosaurs was caused by a sudden catastrophe.
We now face an important question. How did the sages of ancient India acquire data that was impossible for brilliant Western scientists to acquire without a lengthy and arduous technological development? Various attempts to answer this question are discussed in Chapter 9. We found that the most plausible explanation is communication from Superhuman Beings.
Since Purāṇic dates are remarkably close to the modern scientific dates, and since Purāṇic dates are inextricably interwoven with Purāṇic descriptions, it appears that most Purāṇic descriptions are factual. The higher-dimensional Purāṇic accounts provide us with a window into the higher-dimensional world all around us, which is being eagerly sought by the world’s best physicists. This topic is also thoroughly discussed in Chapter 9.
The Purāṇas not only talk about the distant past and future, but also provide a remedy for the current social and environmental maladies. The remedy is a sustainable lifestyle centered around self-realization, which is the primary topic of the Purāṇas. Chapter 9 includes a discussion on the practice of self-realization from the Bhāgavata Purāṇa.
1.2 Why Did Scholars Miss the Boat?
Although billion-year Purāṇic time cycles have been recognized for centuries by Western scholars, they failed to notice the stunningly accurate scientific data recorded in the Purāṇas. Even the famous Cornell Astronomer Carl Sagan noted these Purāṇic cycles in his famous Cosmos Television Series in the year 1980, but still missed the boat! Why is this? There are three principle reasons:
(1) Key scientific information hadn’t been discovered even as late as the year 1980. For example, it wasn’t until the year 2003 that it was possible to recognize that the Purāṇic age of the Universe is so stunningly accurate.
(2) Key scientific information is distributed throughout a range of disciplines – geology, paleontology, astrophysics and cosmology. It is hard to find a scholar who is conversant with such a wide range of disciplines. Moreover, even a scholar who is conversant with all of these scientific disciplines is almost never expert in Sanskrit, an expertise that is required to find the Pratisaṃdhi and Śrīdhara’s factor of two, both of which are hitherto unrecognized Purāṇic chronological factors discussed in detail in Chapter 3.
(3) Development of online Sanskrit NLP tools allowed us to parse difficult Sanskrit passages in such a way as to reveal important scientific information that has hitherto escaped the attention of literally all Purāṇic scholars.
1.3 Plan of this Book
A prerequisite for properly appreciating the Purāṇas is the establishment of Purāṇic ontology in terms of higher-dimensional space, which is the subject of Chapter 2. Chapter 3 describes Purāṇic chronology, which is needed in order to understand the Purāṇic dates presented in the book. Chapters 4 through 8 provide evidence for advanced geochronological, astrophysical and cosmological data in the ancient Purāṇas. Chapter 9 discusses the implications of our discoveries.