Ancient Knowledge of the Purāṇas

Q. What is meant by ancient knowledge?

Ancient history comprises the time period beginning with the invention of writing (roughly 5000 years ago) to the onset of the post-classical period (500 AD). The knowledge systems of people in this time period are known as ancient knowledge.

Q. What were the prominent ancient knowledge systems?

Persian, Sumerian, Babylonian, Roman, Greek, Chinese, Mayan, Egyptian, and Indian are a few of the prominent ancient civilizations with notable knowledge systems.

Q. What are Purāṇas?

The Purāṇas are ancient Indian Sanskrit texts that were passed down orally for many generations before being written down on palm leaves between the 2nd and 12th centuries AD. They contain the ancient knowledge of ancient Indian culture.

Q. Who were the ancients that wrote the Purāṇas?

The Purāṇas were written by ancient Indian sages headed by Srila Vyasadeva, Romaharsana Suta, and Sukadeva Gosvami.

Q. What is special about the ancient knowledge written in the Purāṇas?

All ancient cultures had characteristic features and knowledge systems. However, the ancient Indian Purāṇas are unique in that they contain stunningly accurate, 21st-century, scientific data. Our book provides irrefutable evidence that ancient Indian sages knew the age of the Solar System and Universe within 0.1% of the modern scientific values. The sages acquired this knowledge from Purāṇic gods who reside in a higher-dimensional world, of which our world is a four-dimensional, space-time projection. Paleontologists and Geologists will surely be impressed by the sages’ knowledge of Earth’s greatest mass extinction, the Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth, and the Cambrian Explosion. Furthermore, the ancient sages accurately predicted the Sun’s future evolution into a Red Giant, and its ultimate explosion into planetary nebulae. A revolutionary implication of this knowledge is that the course of universal events has been controlled by Purāṇic gods, which is a stark refutation of Hawking’s famous declaration that God is unnecessary!

Christians were fundamentally opposed to polytheistic religions. Moreover, with the advent of the renaissance in Europe, scholars decided that ancient polytheistic religions were all mythology. Consequently, when the British came to India, they categorized the Purāṇas as a “fanciful brahmanical elaboration.” (Pargiter, 1922, Page 178) Thus, due to the influence of Colonial rule and Biblical fundamentalism, the ancient knowledge of the Purāṇas was increasingly viewed as anachronistic. Our book and this website are the first attempt in recent years to remove the Purāṇas from the category of mythology, thereby reviving this “lost ancient knowledge.”

Q. How to access the “lost ancient knowledge” of the Purāṇas?

The Purāṇas are written in an ancient language (Sanskrit) that is now recognized as the most grammatically sophisticated of all languages. Therefore, although you could learn Sanskrit yourself, it would be extremely challenging and time-consuming. We, at Heretic Science, are not only competent in Sanskrit, but conversant with the latest developments in a wide range of scientific disciplines, which allowed us to recognize the stunningly accurate scientific data in the ancient Purāṇas. Although English translations of the Purāṇas are now available online, they were done decades ago by scholars who were not conversant with the latest developments in science. Therefore, these translations contain statements that are grossly inaccurate from the scientific viewpoint. In our book and website, we provide the original Sanskrit and a meticulous English translation of relevant verses from the Purāṇas. You can follow us on Facebook, Twitter or Instagram to stay updated on our future publications.

Q. What do other ancient knowledge systems say about dates for the creation of the Earth and Universe?
Biblical worldview(including Kepler & Newton)Creation of the Earth6000 – 1000 years ago (Berkman et al, 2008)
Buddhism & JainismWheel of timeNo starting point
Sumerian and BabylonianKingship brought to the Earth200,000 – 400,000 years ago The Sumerian king list: translation. (2019). Retrieved April 17, 2019, from website:
EgyptianCreation of the Universe40,000 – 150,000 years ago (Grant, 1958; Laërce and Hicks, 1970)
Greek and RomanCreation of mankindSometime before 2376 BC (Peter, 1902)
ZoroastrianismSpiritual Creation12,000 years ago (Boyce, 1996)
ChineseCreation of the world40,000 years ago (Brown and Brown, 2006)
MayanCreation of the world5000 and 24 trillion years ago (Looper, 2003)
Purāṇas (ancient India)Creation of the Universe13.819 billion years ago (see our book)
Purāṇas (ancient India)Creation of the Sun4.562 billion years ago (see our book)
Q. Can the ancient knowledge in the Purāṇas simply be a product of guesswork?

Could the sages simply have gotten lucky and guessed the correct dates? A formidable obstacle to this hypothesis is the fact that there is substantial evidence to prove that ancient Indians were familiar with enormous numbers. Professor G. G. Joseph of the University of Manchester wrote: “In the Rāmayana, one of the most popular texts of Hinduism and roughly contemporaneous with the later Vedas, it is reported that Ravana, the chief villain of the piece, commanded an army whose total equaled 1012+105 +36 (104). Facing them was the rival army of Rāma, the hero of the epic, which had 1010+ 1014+ 1020+ 1024+ 1030+ 1034+ 1040+ 1044+ 1052+ 1057+ 1062 + 5 men! Even though these numbers are fantastic, the very existence of names for powers of ten up to 62 indicates that the Vedic Indians were quite at home with very large numbers. This is to be compared with the ancient Greeks, who had no words for numbers above the myriad (104)” (Joesph, 2010).

         It is important to recognize that the Rāmāyaṇa is one of the most influential works of all time in India. This means that, at the time the Purāṇas were written, numbers at least as large as 1062 were used in India. Given such an enormous range of numbers to choose from, the probability is exceedingly small that the sages correctly guessed that the oceans were anoxic 183 million years ago, Earth’s greatest mass extinction occurred 250 million years ago, the age of the Solar System is 4.562 billion years, and the age of the Universe is 13.819 billion years.

Q. Can the ancient knowledge in the Purāṇas be the result of fraud?

Many scholars, both in India and the West, have noted that, for each Purāṇa, there are generally a number of different versions. These different versions, editions or manuscripts for each Purāṇa are attributed to scribes, who inserted their own commentary, sometimes without explicitly stating that it is their own commentary. These scribes, over the course of centuries, routinely copied by hand the palm-leaf manuscripts of the Purāṇas. Since this is a very tedious operation, it is not surprising that mistakes would be made and/or commentary inserted. We acknowledge this problem of insertion, but it can’t account for the accuracy of the Purāṇic dates because the scribes who did the insertions lived long before scientific dating (radiometric and cosmological) had reached a level of accuracy comparable to that of the Purāṇas. Regarding radiometric dates, the first person to suggest that radioisotopes could be used to date rocks was the British Physicist Ernest Rutherford, and he did so in the year 1903. Since then, scientists have invested an enormous amount of energy into developing radiometric dating, but they didn’t achieve a level of accuracy comparable to that of the Purāṇas until the 1950s, at the very earliest.

         Regarding cosmological dates, it should be noted that, thirty years ago, the best scientific estimate for the age of the Universe ranged from 11 to 17 billion years (Fowler, 1987). Twenty years ago, the best estimate still ranged from 11 to 15 billion years (Freedman, 2000). The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), a NASA Explorer mission launched in the year 2001, revolutionized cosmic chronology by accurately measuring the properties of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation over the full sky. In the year 2003, the best estimate for the age of the Universe using WMAP data was 13.7 ±0.2 billion years (Spergel et al, 2003), and in the year 2010 the best estimate was 13.75 ±0.11 billion years (Komatsu et al, 2011). In the year 2018, scientists estimated the age of the Universe at 13.801 ±0.024 billion years (Aganim et al, 2018) based on cosmological data from the Planck satellite, which has provided scientists with the most precise measurements so far of the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. As discussed in our book, the Purāṇic age of the Universe is 13.82 billion years. Scientists didn’t achieve the Purāṇic level of accuracy in cosmological dating until 2018.

         Skeptics suggest that the advanced 21st-century cosmological and geochronological data recorded in 19th-century Sanskrit editions of the Purāṇas was fraudulently interpolated. Let’s examine what would be required for successful fraud. Since the data only became available in the 21st century, it would have had to have been fraudulently inserted into the 19th-century Sanskrit editions of these Purāṇas within the last few years, which would be a difficult operation because these editions are kept in Special Collections (and, hence, can’t be borrowed) of the libraries of major universities and the paper in these editions is yellowed with age and, hence, difficult to undetectably alter. Moreover, since the person perpetrating the fraud would have had no way to know at which university, we read these editions, he/she would have had to have done this difficult operation at each of the dozen universities at which these editions are available. For example, the 19th-century Sanskrit editions of the Vāyu Purāṇa that we used for our translation are available in the Special Collection divisions of the libraries of Cornell University and the University of Chicago, as well as a dozen other universities in Europe and North America. So far, we have considered only European and American libraries. However, the greatest repository of Purāṇas is in India, where there are literally millions of copies. Although not all of these copies date from the 19th century, the more recent editions all have the same geochronological data as the 19th-century editions. Thus, the stark disparity between fraudulent dates and those recorded in all of these Indian copies would immediately reveal the fraud. This is especially true because the publication of our book is sure to ignite a wave of national pride in India, which will cause many Indians to carefully examine their copies of the Purāṇas. Thus, we are obliged to reject the hypothesis that 21st-century cosmological and geochronological data was fraudulently inserted into 19th-century editions of the Purāṇas.