This video, slides and transcript by Sidharth Chhabra are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Before we begin a discussion on the Puranic time units, we should understand that the Puranic Earth and our Earth are two different entities. Our Earth is a three-dimensional projection of the higher-dimensional Puranic Earth. I say this because the physical sizes of the geographical features given in the Puranas are vastly different from those of our Earth. For example, the Himalayas in the Puranas are more than 100,000 kms tall. Even the most primitive people can differentiate between 10 kms and 1000 kms. It would be foolish to think that yogis who could speak one of the most sophisticated languages – Sanskrit and write volumes of books couldn’t differentiate between these two values. Moreover, modern physics is currently dominated by paradigms involving higher-dimensional space. According to higher-dimensional paradigms, the world around us is higher-dimensional. Therefore, it is quite possible that the Himalayas in the higher-dimensional world may be as tall as 120,000 kms, as stated in the Puranas. This subject is thoroughly discussed in my previous video: How Einstein saved the Vedas? Since we have no way to verify the physical sizes listed in the Puranas, how then can we determine whether the Puranas are describing fantasy or reality. It turns out that the Puranas also give copious temporal data. By which, I mean they provide dates for significant events in the history of the Earth and the Universe. I found that these dates are stunningly close to those of modern science. These dates are not given in terms of the solar years directly in the texts, rather they are given in terms of Puranic time units namely, Kalpas, Manvantaras and Yugas. Therefore, in this video, I will describe the basics of Puranic time units.
Just as there are four seasons in a year – winter spring summer and fall. Similarly, there are four temporal seasons – Kali, Dwapara, Treta and Satya. Kali yuga is stated to be 432,000 years. Everybody prior to us has failed to realize that these years correspond to the Puranic Earth not our Earth. The eminent 14th century Puranic commentator, Sridhara Swami, was aware that these Puranic years must be multiplied by two to calculate the Solar years. Therefore, in his commentary on Vishnu Puranas 1.3.7, he states that a day on the Puranic Earth is twice as long as a day on our Earth. This means that a Kali Yuga is 864,000 solar years. Similarly, Dwapara yuga is 864000 Puranic Earth years or 1.728 million solar years. Treta yuga is 2.592 million solar years and Satya yuga is 3.456 million solar years.
The key point to note about the Puranic time units is that time moves twice as fast on our Earth than the Puranic Earth. Therefore, a conversion factor of two must be applied to the Puranic statements if we wish to compare them with the findings of modern science. This has never been done before and that’s why we are the first to actually recognize the stunning accuracy of Puranic dates. Nobody recognized it. Everybody knew that there are long time cycles in the Puranas. Carl Sagan talked about it 40 years ago in his Cosmos series. You can find these cycles on Wikipedia, but they all have failed to recognize that there are two different Earths, on one of which time travels twice as fast as on the other.
Next Puranic time unit is a Chaturyuga. The combination of Kali, Dwapara, Treta and Satya form a Chaturyuga, which is 8.64 million solar years. 71 of these Chaturyugas make a Manvantara and 14 of these Manvantaras make a Kalpa.
Another aspect of Puranic time units are Sandhyas. They are transition periods between each Puranic time unit. Every yuga such as Kali, Dwapara has a sandhya at the end and before the beginning of it. Similarly, at the end of each Manvantara, there is a Sandhya. Finally, there is a Sandhya between consecutive kalpas, which is known as Pratisamdhi. This Pratisamdhi is something which I found out because of my study of the Vayu Purana and Brahmanda purana, where there are entire chapters that describe this Pratisamdhi. Again, most scholars are not aware of this Pratisamdhi. This is because Puranas are enormous. There are roughly half a million Sanskrit verses in them. They’re giant encyclopedias. Since most modern Puranic scholars have the European bias, they take the Puranas as fantasy and haven’t really evaluated them in the light of modern science. The two discoveries of mine – the Pratisamdhi and the factor of two are crucial for recognizing the stunning accuracy of the Puranic dates.
Lets see these Puranic time units in action. I will take a simple case. According to the Puranas, Brahma creates the Sun at the end of his night in other words at the end of the previous Kalpa. If we don’t take Pratisamdhi and the factor of two into account, then the Puranic date for the Sun’s birth is roughly 1.9 billion years ago. If we take the Pratisamdhi and the factor of two into consideration, then the Puranic date for the Sun’s birth is 4.563 billion years. The modern scientific date is 4.567 billion years. Thus, you can see how a thorough analysis of Puranic time units reveals its stunning concordance with modern science.
For further reading on this subject, read Chapter 3 of our book.